The trade union Community unionism can be viewed as a response to the decline in union membership over recent years in both advanced and emerging economies, and as a strategy used to enable revitalization and renewal through reaching those who have traditionally remained outside of trade unions Wills, ; Tattersall, Furthermore, senior figures in the OTM now seem to be reconsidering the value of sustaining an affiliate model that includes all of the informal economy including both owners and workersand are instead contemplating setting up a union to represent informal sector workers. Trade union engagement with the main community organization representing the informal economy appears to be a key element of its revitalization strategy; both parties are benefiting from the relationship, and it appears to be sustainable. However, evidence from other countries such as Ghana suggests that unions and also, associations representing the informal economy can be seen as agents of government, and regarded as a system of control for the powerful rather than a voice for the weak Croucher, In Ghana, for example, the GPRTU collects taxes from the informal sector, restricts entry to the sector, and settles disputes between employees and employers Croucher,but it has reputedly enjoyed patronage from the ruling party and government in return for loyalty and support, serving owners rather than workers Adu-Amankwa, The lack of representation of wider groups therefore seems to be due to attitudes of non-black Mozambicans, rather than due to discrimination on the part of ASSOTSI. The organization represents independent traders, traders who informally employ some workers, and also informal sector workers. Each lasted between one and two hours.
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Taking these aspects together leads to the determination of three research questions: Is union engagement with community organizations a central strategic objective or characterized by a piecemeal and tentative approach?
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Social movement unionism has itself been defined in a number of ways, and the subject of much debate, but is generally assumed to include features such as: political engagement with government, forging international level links with unions, and links with community organizations outside of the workplace see Waterman, ; Dibben, The largest part of this class are in the formal sector.
Moreover, by working in partnership with informal sector organizations they might potentially have more impact on national government. Secondly, and relatedly, unions may not see community unionism as a core element of their strategy.
Nevertheless, there are some potential tensions that might threaten the longer term relationship.
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|The products sold were varied and included goods aimed at the tourist market and everyday goods such as: fresh produce, bundles of zips, donuts, and new and used shoes.
Ininterviews were supplemented by non participant covert observation. From the above discussion, it appears that there are mutual benefits for both organizations.
Within Africa, colonialism, conflict, restructuring and privatization have all contributed toward the decline in stable work Willems et al.
Relationships between trade unions and government have included dimensions of incorporation and resistance in Southern Africa, and pluralism and autonomy in West Africa Beckman and Sachikonye,
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Historical variations relate to whether the country was a former colony of Britain, France or Portugal; there are differences in terms of ethnic diversity, and politically, countries have been marked by dictatorship and democracy, socialism and capitalism, and economically, by large variations in gross domestic product Horwitz, One of the largest challenges facing trade unions is the growing informal economy, where workers face variable working hours, health and safety infringements, and low pay Breman, Furthermore, senior figures in the OTM now seem to be re-considering the value of sustaining an affiliate model that includes all of the informal economy including both owners and workersand instead are contemplating setting up a union to represent informal sector workers.
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In terms of its origins, community unionism can be viewed as one element of social movement unionism activity Stewart et al. They are not similar. Working hours are polarized between very short under employment and long hours.
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There is relatively little existent literature on human resource management and employment relations in Mozambique, with the exception of analyses of two surveys Webster et al.
The government has also sought their help in moving workers in the informal sector into the formal sector, through organizing meetings so that the government could explain the benefits of an ID card to those in the informal economy.
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This article draws on exploratory analysis within Mozambique to consider how community unionism has been applied in an emerging economy within Africa, a continent where the role of unions is particularly important, given that workers face a lack of infrastructure, high levels of poverty, and inadequate law enforcement.
Firstly, is union engagement with community organizations a central strategic objective or characterized by a piecemeal and tentative approach? However, the representation of those in insecure, contingent and informal sector work is an area where unions have sought to extend their reach in recent years, both in advanced economies see, for example, Heery et al.
The committees collect fees from stallholders and provide basic infrastructure such as water and toilets, carry out maintenance work, and organize cleaning and security.
Following sections examine the questions outlined above: Is union engagement with community organizations a central strategic objective or characterized by a piecemeal and tentative approach?
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|Social movement unionism has itself been defined in a number of ways, and the subject of much debate, but is generally assumed to include features such as: political engagement with government, forging international level links with unions, and links with community organizations outside of the workplace see Waterman, ; Dibben, Google Scholar.
The concept offers potential benefits for the community being represented, and also for trade unions, allowing unions to raise their political profile and access new groups of workers Wills, Firstly, the OTM is a legally recognized union federation that was set up by the socialist state. But there are some people who do not pay [fees] in the formal market.